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Sociology is the categorical and not a normative discipline :- Sociology "Confines itself to statement … The one social problem is of course that of people living well and happily together. Relation with other Social Sciences. It is through the study of sociology that the truly scientific study of the society has been possible. The Specialistic or Formalistic school and (2) the Synthetic school. Traditionally, it focuses on what might be termed “primitive” cultures, such as the Yanomamo people of the South American jungle, who live much the same way they did hundreds of years ago. Giddings has suggested that just as economics tells up how to get the things we want to have, sociology tells us how to become what we want to be. The nature and importance of sociology Pioneers of sociology Sociology study how the relations combine, how they build up smaller or greater systems and how they respond to changes and changing needs or demands. An economist confines his attention to interactions in the economic sphere only. In all ages and human times ever since out erect and restless species appeared upon the planet, men have been living with others of their kind in something called societies. Sociology is the study of human society, including its origins, development, functioning and organization. Part I Welfare Development Programs and Laws, Part II Aptitude Test, Logical Reasoning, Mental Ability. The most significance of sociology is that it studied the society social institutions scientifically. Sociology is interested in social relationships not because they are economic or political or religious or legal but because they are at the same time social. According to this School Sociology is closely related with other social sciences. The study of society not only has a value in modern complex society, it becomes indispensable. Hobhouse. Of late the importance of sociology as the science of human relationship is being realised. Descriptive sociology provides a great deal of information that is helpful in making decisions on social policy. What we have to study in a particular subject is known as its scope. To achieve this a scientific study of society is needed in order to make necessary adjustments. DMPQ- Comment on the various features of administration contained in the 5th schedule of constitution of India. Political science also concerns the relation of people in a society to whatever form of government they have. Sociology is a discipline in social sciences concerned with the human society and human social activities. Of late the importance of sociology as the science of human relationship is being realised. It is thus not a normative discipline like Ethics or Religion. But there is no one opinion about the scope of Sociology. Why is left wing extremism (Maoism violence) is still persistence even after so many government efforts? Society has its own problems in every field. Anthropologists place special emphasis on language, kinship patterns, and cultural artifacts. The most significance of sociology is that it studied the society social institutions scientifically. There is, therefore, a particular need for the strengthening of these institutions and one of the first essentials is the scientific study of their problems and situations. CGPCS Prelims Exam 2020 - Test Series and Notes Program, CGPCS Prelims and Mains 2020 Tests Series and Notes Program, CGPCS Detailed Complete Prelims 2020 Notes, Society, Community, Association, Institution, Social group, Folkways and Mores, History of Chattisgarh - CGPCS Exam Preparation, Tribal Problems: Isolation Migration and Acculturation - CGPCS Exam Preparation, Chhattisgarh: Natural Resources - CGPCS Exam Preparation, Folk theaters in Chhattisgarh - CGPCS Exam Preparation, Syllabus and Pattern of CGPCS Prelims Exam. DMPQ- Discuss the important government initiatives taken for labor reforms in recent years. It becomes difficult to study a science systematically unless its boundary or scope is determined precisely. Psychology takes the individual out of his or her social circumstances and examines the mental processes that occur within that person. It is a synthesis of social sciences. Sociological knowledge is necessary for understanding and planning of society. Another specific aspect of the practical side of sociology is the study of the great social institutions and the relation of the individual to each of them. Importance of its study. CGPCS Prelims and Mains Notes, CGPCS Test Series, Sociology- Meaning, Scope and nature, Importance of its study. They believe that Sociology is a specific, pure and independent science and thus its scope should be limited. A sociologist, however, focuses his attention on human or social relationships which are common to all these specialised fields. In this respect it is to be distinguished from Social and Political Philosophy. Social planning has been made easier by sociology. It considers what kind of government a society has, how it formed, and how individuals attain positions of power within a particular government. Political science concerns the governments of various societies. Home >> Introduction to Sociology >> Importance Of Sociology. Auguste Comte, a French social thinker, is traditionally known as the ‘Father of Sociology’ as he coined the term ‘Sociology’ in 1839. Scope means the subject matter or the areas of study or the boundaries of a subject. The scientific study of society and the scientific promotion of human welfare has been neglected for long periods. Sociology is of great importance in the solution of international problems The progress made by physical sciences has brought the nations of the world nearer to each other. However, there are two main schools of thought regarding the scope of Sociology: The supporters of this school of thought are George Simmel, Vierkandt, Max Weber, Von Wiese, Small and F. Tonnies. The supporters of synthetic school are the sociologists like Durkheim, Ginsberg, Comte, Sorokin, Spencer, F. Ward, and L.T. Fourthly, Sociology is a general and not a -special social science. There is a good deal of controversy about the scope of Sociology between the two schools. Sociology is often considered a vehicle of social reform and social reorganization. Thus, sociology becomes as the scientific study of society, the representative of a great advice. It is one of the youngest social sciences. Sociology alone studies social relationships, society itself. There must be a scientific study of its problems if they are to be solved. As a matter of fact the study of social phenomena and ways and means of promoting what Giddings calls human adequacy is one of the most logical and reasonable of all subjects that ought to be made scientific. Thirdly, Sociology has developed as an abstract discipline like Physics, Chemistry or Mathematics, and not as an applied science like Engineering or Computer Science. DMPQ- . It is concerned with what is, not with what ought to be. Of late the importance of sociology as the science of human relationship is being realised. Considered the youngest of the sciences, … Thus its scope is very vast. Society is the largest organisation of the individuals. It plays an important role in the reconstruction of society. DMPQ- Explain the concept and significance of plate tectonic theory . The world is divided politically giving rise to stress and conflict. It is concerned with human relationships and patterns of social interactions in general, and not any particular aspects of the same. Therefore the study of sociology is essentially analytical. Prior to the emergence of sociology the study of society was carried on in an unscientific manner and society had never been the central concern of any science. Anthropology concerns individual cultures in a society, rather than the society as a whole. Likewise, a political scientist is primarily concerned only with interactions in the political field. The practical aspect of sociology is too of great importance in the study of social problems and in social work and social adjustment. A sociologist analyses society from different angles and acquires knowledge about society and patterns of social interactions. Now the truly scientific study of society has been well under way. The most significance of sociology is that it studied the society social institutions scientifically. Economics focuses on the production and distribution of society’s goods and services. The scientific study of society and the scientific promotion of human welfare has been neglected for long periods. Further, the sociologists simply indicate the directions towards which the society is moving and refrain from expressing views on the directions in which society should, go. To begin with, sociology has developed as a value-free discipline. But in the social field the world has been left behind by the revolutionary progress of the science. As Beach says, sociology has a strong appeal to all types of minds through its direct bearing upon many of the critical problems of the present world. 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